OIL SEEDS


Oil Seeds are are used for the production of refined vegetable oil. With times oilseed scenario in India has undergone a tremendous change, mainly due to the modified trade policies. Another reason for this change is the alteration in the consumption pattern of the edible oils. Indian is one of the largest manufacturers of oil seeds in the world. Mainly three oil seeds that are soybean, groundnut, and rapeseed / mustard collectively make up more than 80% of the cultivated oil seeds output. Amongst the world production of oil seeds, India has the share of 27% for groundnut, 23% for sesame, 16% for rapeseed and 66% for Castor seed. The processing technology used is an amalgamation of traditional and modern concepts, which include general household crushing to the extruder/expander. According to a report dated 31st August' 2001, the productivity of oil seeds in India as compared to the world (tonnes/ hectare) is as follows:

Oilseed India World Average Highest
Soybean

0.85

2.29

3.28(EU-15)
Cottonseed 0.59

1.06

2.07(Australia)
Groundnut

0.59

1.02

2.13(China)
Sunflower 0.62

1.18

1.73(EU-15)
Rapeseed/ Mustard 0.75 1.49 2.96(EU-15)

The development in the segment of oilseeds was mainly seen after India gained independence. In the early 1990s, Peanuts were the major source for the development of vegetable oil, followed by Rapeseed. Additionally, Sunflower, Cottonseed, and Soybeans Seeds were also used for the same purpose. There are a number of oilseeds that are produced in India and used in the processing of vegetable oil. A brief of various oil seeds and their respective oil content is tabulated below:

Groundnut 46 to 48%
Castor Seed

40 to 48%
Sunflower Seed

32 to 40%
Coconut / Copra

62 to 68%
Palm Oil Seeds

38 to 45%
Sesame Seeds 50 to 56%
Rapeseeds

38 to 45%
Mustard Seeds

38 to 45%
Linseeds 40 to 50%
Cotton Seeds 18 to 22%
Soyabean 18 to 22%
Palm Fruit 20 to 22%

According to a recent report of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), India's oilseed production increased in the year ending September 2009 that may result in the decrease in import rate of edible oils. One of the other important point of this report is the prediction that India's total oil seeds production is around 36 million tonnes, which is more than 6 percent as compared to the year ending September 2008. This has been possible to the enhancement in the production of soybean and peanuts.



 
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 OIL SEEDS
Rape Seed
Cotton Seed
Sunflower Seed
Castor Seed
Ground Nut
Linseed
Mustard Seed
Sesam Seed
Cocoa Bean
Jatropha
Palm Kernel
Soya Bean
Shea Nut
Macadamia Nuts
Corn Germ
Cashew Shell
 SEED PROCESSING MACHINERY
Seed Cleaners
Seed Flakers
Seed Crackers / Breakers
Hullers
Copra Cutters
Decorticators / Separators
Destoners
Hammer Mills / Disintegrators
Boilers
Seed Cookers / Heating Kettles
Seed Elevators
Seed Conveyors















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